CIKM 2010 Paper Reading

In this post, I would like to talk about several interesting papers from CIKM 2010.  Note, this is only a personal view of the research conducted in those papers, which might be incorrect and biased.

  1. Web Search Solved? All Result Rankings the Same?
    This paper is a kind of “meta” research. It compares search results from three major search engines, from a sampled 1000 queries in late 2008. The main takeaway is the performance of  frequent queries, especially navigational queries are well served on all three engines. In addition, there is no such an engine that significantly outperform on all other two engines. In fact, all three engines can beat others in certain queries. One interesting point made in the paper is that, based on the analysis, the authors gave an order to prioritize investment on which type of queries search engines should put “more money”, brining this work more practical sense. Two major problems are a) only 1000 queries (although the authors argue this is “big”) and b) dataset in 2008.
  2. SHRINK: A Structural Clustering Algorithm for Detecting Hierarchical Communities in Networks
    The idea of this paper is simple and clear. It uses “density”-based method to group nodes and utilizes Modularity to measure the “goodness” of the grouping. The approach is essentially an extension of previously two-phase greedy approixmation of Modularity clustering, except that the inner loop has changed to a “density” method. In the experiments, the authors showed that this approach can overcome the “resolution limitation” of Modularity clustering. Overall, the paper is interesting but we really don’t know that how this can be applied to real large graphs. Right now, all experiments seem too “small”.
  3. What can Quantum Theory bring to Information Retrieval?
    Wow, Quantum Theory for IR! I came across Rijsbergen’s book on the same topic before but this paper is more concrete.  After reading the paper, I would say that most of the techniques they considered in the paper is indeed to “hide” a series of well-known IR methods under a Quantum-based framework. Although it may provide some theoretical advantages to do so, the real benefit is still questionable. In fact, shown in their experimental part, the proposed method cannot outperform a standard BM25 method. Additionally, there are places that authors use heuristics, for example, how to construct the representation of documents and queries, which are not really justified. In a word, the work is interesting but really does not show the justification of the new framework.
  4. PTM: Probabilistic Topic Mapping Model for Mining Parallel Document Collections
    The method proposed is simple and straightforward. However, there is one “implicit” assumption in the paper. Every word in target collection should be mapped firstly into a topic in source collection. This work is clearly related to translation topic models and collection topic models.
  5. Mining Topic-level Influence in Heterogeneous Networks
    The method proposed in the paper consists of two steps. The first step is a “linked” topic model, discovering topics from a linked network. The second step is somewhat “strange” in the sense that it is very like PageRank or random walk on the topic-level. If that’s the case, the novelty of the work will be re-judged. However, the authors do not provide any clue on it.  The experiments are conducted on small-size datasets. It is really interesting to see the comparison with a variety of topical PageRank algorithms.
  6. Collaborative Dual-PLSA: Mining Distinction and Commonality across Multiple Domains for Text Classification
    This work is similar to (4) yet more general. The latent variables to generate documents and words are decomposed. Therefore, the latent variable associated to documents can be easily considered as “labels” in traditional classification settings. That’s where they showed the power of their method. It is a little surprising that they only conducted experiments on 20-Newsgroup dataset. Similar to (4), one drawback for the model is  that all domains share the same number and same set of latent variables, enforcing the topics matched across domains. The authors are aware of this limitation and discussed extensions in the paper.
  7. Network Growth and the Spectral Evolution Model
    The result presented in this paper is somewhat unexpected. The authors show in several cases, the evolution of networks can be captured by an eigenvalue evolution model where most of eigenvectors remain the same. The authors also introduced an approach to automatically learn the link/prediction function for each eigenvalues. The models proposed also links to many existing methods. This paper and related techniques require more time to be read.
  8. Mining Interesting Link Formation Rules in Social Networks
    This paper goes beyond studying a single link formation pattern but mining a group of formation patterns. The authors extended the state-of-the-art sub graph pattern mining tool — gSpan to the link pattern scenario. One interesting step forward is to investigate the correctness of these patterns. Currently, through the experiments, there is no justification of the patterns found by their tool. In addition, it is not clear that how these found patterns really characterize the evolution of social networks. Nevertheless, this paper provides a method to gather these patterns.
  9. Learning a User-Thread Alignment Manifold for Thread Recommendation in Online Forum
    The method proposed in the paper is fairly complicated. First, the problem considered in the paper is a ranking problem, to rank threads to users according to their interests. The framework consists of three factors, user-user interactions; thread-thread similarities and thread-user alignment. User-user relationships are captured through a weighted graph. For thread-thread relationship, a low-rank representation (embedding) of threads is found, induced by a local thread matrix. The mapping between users and threads are formulated into another manifold learning problem, induced by a user-thread matrix. It is not clear that whether the intuition can be captured by simpler models. But the authors indeed show that the performance is good, compared to some simple methods.
  10. Latent Interest-Topic Model: Finding the Causal Relationships behind Dyadic Data
    Indeed, this is an extend work of a very similar work, published in SIGIR 2010. The model adds two layer between authors and documents. A document-class layer encodes the the distributions over topics for documents. Each document is only belong to one document-class. The choice of document-class depends on another layer, author-class, where it controls that how a document-class is chosen for a particular author. In the end, both authors and documents are naturally associated with topics. It seems that the model can be efficiently estimated through standard Gibbs sampling. However, the experimental results from ACM papers do not really correspond to authors’ expertise, in my opinion.

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